When I was much younger I watched lots of movies where the hero gave strangers “mouth-to-mouth” the slang for CPR and he miraculously saved a life.
I earnestly watched these movies because I thought “You’d never know when you would need to know these maneuvers” and I didn’t know just how right I was.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, also known as CPR, is a life saving technique that can be used on heart attack and drowning victims.
It is used to keep the oxygenated blood flowing long enough for emergency services to restore blood circulation round the body for the affected patients.
CPR helps preserve life by delaying tissue death due to blood flow loss.
Even if you have not been properly trained in CPR techniques, it is better to try and perform chest compressions than to do noting at all in an emergency.
So how do I perform CPR?
Before you start performing CPR check if the person is conscious or not.
If the person appears unconscious try waking them up by gently shaking their shoulder and asking if they are all right.
If this doesn’t work them awake call emergency services and begin CPR.
To perform CPR remember the alphabets C-A-B.
C-A-B stands for compressions, airway and breathing.
Compressions: To begin compressions lay the patient down on a firm surface and kneel down next to the patients neck.
Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person’s chest, between the nipples. Gently place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keeping your elbows straight, position your shoulders directly above your hands.
Using the weight of your upper body weight as you push straight down on the chest.
Pushing hard but not more than 2 inches deep perform compressions at a rate of about 100 compressions a minute.
Airway: After you have performed 30 compressions stop and make sure that the patient’s airway is clear by placing your palm on the person’s forehead and gently tilt the patient’s head back. Then gently lift the patient chin forward with your other hand to open the airway.
Listen for sounds of normal breathing and if you do not hear sounds of regular breathing start chest compressions again.
Breathing: For people trained in CPR they can also start rescue breathing.
Rescue breathing can be mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing for injured mouths.
To perform rescue breathing once the airway of the patient is clear (procedure stated above), pinch the patient’s nostrils shut for mouth-to-mouth breathing and breath into the patient’s mouth.
If the patient does not resume breathing on his or her own perform the breathing procedure again. If there is no change then resume chest compressions.
CPR has save numerous lives for years and you never know when this first aid procedure would save the life of your loved one.
Photo by kateen2528. Published on 01 April 2015
Stock photo – Image ID: 100318031