Chikungunya is an infection caused by the Chikungunya virus.
The word Chikungunya is derived from the Makonde language and it means, “that which bends up”.
It is meant to explain the contorted posture of people infected with this disease and these are the severe joint pains and arthritic symptoms.
The disease outbreaks have occurred in Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia and South America.
Symptoms are the sudden onset fever, which lasts from two to seven days, joint pains that range from weeks to years, a rash, muscle pain, headache, fatigue, nausea or vomiting can also occur.
In some cases there may be an inflammation of the eyes.
The fever usually lasts for two days, but other symptoms such as headache and insomnia may last longer usually about five to seven days.
The disease has a mortality rate of about 0.1 percent and the elderly are the most affected.
A mosquito of genus Aedes: A. albopictus and A. aegypti transmits the virus to human and animals like monkeys, birds, cattle, and rodents.
Prevention of the disease includes mosquito control such as mosquito nets, mosquito coils, using insect repellents and avoiding mosquito bites.
Supportive care is the main method of treating this disease and this includes: fluids, rest and medications to reduce symptoms.
Photo by moomsabuy. Published on 18 July 2011
Stock Photo – Image ID: 10050218